Making your First Map


let's begin

Now that you have some familiarity with the map viewer and the tools available, let's take a look at the true beauty and power of CalTopo: making detailed and personalized maps.

The purpose of this training is to walk you through creating your first map on the web app, starting with the log in process and finishing with viewing your map on your mobile device.

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How to Create Your First CalTopo Map

Turn up the volume so you don't miss any of the steps for creating your first map in this video!

STEP 1: LOG IN

While not strictly required to create a map or use the product, you will not be able to save your work unless you login.

CalTopo or SARTopo?

Currently CalTopo and SARTopo are on separate servers, which means any maps you create on a particular server stay on that server (although we are working on merging the servers in the not-so-distant future).

So what’s the difference between CalTopo and SARTopo? CalTopo is a mapping and trip planning tool for the backcountry. SARTopo has all the same layers and tools as CalTopo plus additional functionalities for managing search and rescue incidents. If you aren’t a first responder, chances are that you will be using CalTopo.

First responder? SARTopo. Pretty much everyone else? CalTopo.

Whether you go to CalTopo or SARTopo, you should now see the mapviewer. If not, look for a button in the top right corner that says "Start Mapping."

The full CalTopo map viewer page.

For this lesson, we will be on the CalTopo server; however, all the steps described below will be the same for the SARTopo server.

Login

If you don't have a CalTopo account, you can sign up for an account using the Sign Up botton in the top right corner of the map viewer. If you already have a CalTopo account, then use the Log In button to log into your account.

When logging in, it's important to use the same provider as you did previously. Logging in with Facebook when you used Google in the past will try to create a new account, even if it's the same email. If you aren’t sure what provider you used, you can find it in your welcome email from when you signed up for your new account.

For more information about CalTopo logins, visit the Your Account lesson.

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STEP 2: Navigate in the Map Viewer

You can search for specific areas or locations by using the search bar in the top of the mapviewer. Search for areas by their name or any coordinate system. For this lesson, let’s search for Capitol Peak (a 14,000 ft peak in Colorado). If you type “Capitol Peak” into the search bar and press enter , it will navigate to the peak.

image of the map viewer with an arrow pointing to the search input field at the top of the page

The search bar is in the top menu bar.

image of the map viewer with an arrow pointing to the search input field at the top of the page

Pressing 'Enter' after typing in the name or coordinates centers the map viewer on that location.

You should now confirm that you are viewing the correct area, especially if you search for an area with a really common name (Bridalveil Falls, anyone?). To confirm, zoom in and out a bit and move the map around until you are sure there are some nearby things that make sense for what you were looking for.

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STEP 3: Add an Object

Before you can save a map, you have to add an object such as marker, line or polygon. This is really important so I’ll say it again: you CANNOT save a map until you’ve put an object on that map.

You can add objects three different ways:

  • Use the +Add button in the Objects menu on the left side of the map viewer.
  • Choose a location on the map with your mouse and right click on that point to get a dialog that includes the option to add a select number of objects, including markers and lines.
  • Some objects have keyboard shortcuts. Use the keyboard shortcut shift+M for a marker, and the shortcut shift+L for a line.

    For this example, I've made a new marker using the +Add button at the top of the objects menu. Markers are a great way to identify points of interest on your map. A marker will appear in the center of the map and a dialog will appear in the lower right hand corner.

You can move the marker by either clicking and dragging the marker on the map to where you want it to be or entering in coordinates in the dialog box. You can also edit your marker using the dialog box.

For this example, I clicked and dragged the marker to the north shore of Capitol Lake where I think there will be campsites. I named the marker “Potential campsites” by typing this into the Label field in the dialog box. Pressing OK then closes the dialog box and the marker now appears on the map with its label. The marker also appears in the *Objects menu in a folder called Markers**.

The marker appears on the map and in the left side bar in the Markers folder.

Markers and other objects have a huge amount of capability. They are fully explained in the Objects chapter.

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STEP 4: Save Your Map

You can only save a map after you have added an object to that map. If you add objects to a map and then close the browser window before saving the map, your data will be lost. So make sure to save your map as soon as you can!

In this example we added a marker to our map so now the info button for the map becomes a green save button.

A Save As dialog will also appear automatically after you add your first object to the map. Alternatively you can click the green save button to bring up the Save As dialog on an unsaved map.

Save as dialog box.

You can enter in the name of your map, designate where you want it saved, set base permissions (which will determine who can view your map and how) and add comments about your map. For this example, let’s name our map “Capitol Peak Overnight” and leave everything else on the default options.

Click Save to save your map. After the page reloads, you’ll notice that the name of your map has replaced Unsaved Map in the upper left of the map viewer. With only one marker on the page, it may have zoomed way in on that marker. You can zoom out to see more of the map and get the view you want.

The map name appears at the top of the left map viewer, where previously it said "Unsaved Map."

Your new map will also now appear under Your Maps in your account. To access this, click on the orange Your Data button in the top right corner of the page, which will open the Your Maps tab.

Saved maps appear in the Your Maps tab in Your Data.

You may notice that once you save your map, there is no save option anymore. As long as you have a network connection, any changes or updates you make to your map will automatically sync, similar to Google docs.

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STEP 5: Change Base Layers and Overlays

Base Layers

Base layers do exactly what their name implies- they form the base of the map and you add overlays and map objects on top of them. You can view one base layer or you can stack multiple base layers on top of each other.

To change which base layer(s) are on your map, click the base layer name at the top of the Map Layers menu on the right hand side of the mapviewer. A drop down layer menu will appear. Click the name of the base layer you'd like to add to your map.

Use the Base Layers dropdown menu in the Map Layers menu to quickly and easily switch between base layers

You can add additional layers on top of that base layer by clicking + Stack Base Layer and selecting the additional layer that you would like to add from the dropdown menu that appears.

For this example we are going to keep it simple and only add one base layer to our map. Hover over the base layer name in the upper right hand corner of the mapviewer. Click on the Base Layer dropdown menu and select Scanned Topos. Notice that the base layer is added to your map and the objects already on your map are unaffected. Now choose Forest Service from the Base Layer dropdown menu. Again, the map objects already on the map are unaffected!

See the Base Layers Chapter for more details about using and stacking the different available base layers.

Overlays

Overlays provide additional data and go on top of the base layer(s) of your map. They can provide information on land ownership, weather conditions, motor vehicle use maps and much more!

Let’s add slope angle shading to our map, which is a popular overlay for planning backcountry travel routes. To add an overlay, you simply check the checkbox to the left of the overlay name to display it on the map. Let’s click the box for Slope Angle Shading and add it to our map.

a colorful overlay displayed over the mapbuilder hybrid topographic base layer

Slope Angle Shading overlay displayed over the Forest Service base layer

Notice that the slopes are now colored based on their slope angle. Keys for these colors appear in the lower left hand corner of the map viewer. For example, a slope that is shaded red on the map has a slope angle between 35°-45°. You can add as many overlays as you would like to a map.

The Overlays Chapter has more information about the different types of overlays offered.

Preset layers

Preset layers are combinations of base layers and/or overlays already made for you! Preset layers now appear on the bottom of the Map Layers menu on the right side. We aren’t going to go into preset layers here but feel free to explore these and see what each one offers.

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STEP 6: Print your Map

Many users will want to take their maps into the field with them. The CalTopo mobile app and the print function on the web are the two primary methods of doing this. You can print a blank map with just your desired layers or print a map with the objects that you've drawn in CalTopo. To open the print page, use the print button on the left side of the map, just below where the save button was. This will open a new browser tab with a whole host of options.

Open the print page via the print button on the left side of the map viewer.

A new tab will open and a transparent red box will appear over your map. The red transparent box is your print area- anything that is in this box will appear on your printed map. You can change the boundaries of the red box by clicking and dragging the arrows that appear at each corner.

In the left side bar you can change settings and details about the PDF or JPG you will be generating. For this example, let’s give our map the name “Capitol Peak Overnight” by typing it into the Title field. We will leave the rest of the settings on default. Click Generate PDF at the bottom of the left side bar to generate a PDF of your selected area.

Change the title and other specifications in the CalTopo Printing menu. Adjust the red box to change the print area.

PDFs of maps are saved for a set period of time and will appear in Your Data under the Your PDFs tab until their expiration date. To access your saved PDFs, click on Your Data on the left upper left side and then select the Your PDFs tab.

Saved PDFs appear in the Your PDFs tab in Your Data.

For more information about printing and related functions, visit the Printing Chapter.

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STEP 7: View the Map on your Mobile Device

You can also access maps that you create on the web from your mobile device. In order to do this, download the CalTopo app for free on your mobile device from either the Google Play or Apple store.

For this example I will be using an iOS mobile device but the steps would be the same for Android although some of the icons do differ. When you sign in, make sure you log into the same server (either CalTopo or SARTopo) and the same login method as you did on the web. When prompted, select Sync Account to sync the maps you made on the web with your mobile device.

To access the maps in your account, click on the three bar menu in the upper left hand corner. Click Your Maps and all the maps in your account will appear. To select a map, simply click on the map name. As long as you have a data connection, this will load and open the map in the CalTopo mobile app. Let’s click on the map we made “Capitol Peak Overnight” and voila! You should now see this map in the map viewer on the mobile app.

If you have a data connection, any changes you make to objects (add, edit or delete) in the mobile app will be automatically updated on the web. If you don’t have a data connection, changes will be updated once a data connection is reestablished.

You can also access your map offline by downloading base layers for offline use. Check out the Offline Use lesson in the Mobile Specific Functions and Tools chapter for instructions.

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